In my Old Testament Poetic Books class, we finished Job a few weeks back and began looking at the Psalms last week. This post will summarize both classes.
After examining the interchange between Job and his “friends,” including Elihu, none of the friends provide the solution to Job’s dilemma. Only God can provide the resolution. So God responds in Job 38-42. In the final analysis, God demonstrates that this is a theocentric world. He is its sovereign who freely and accurately administers justice. And, his servants must faithfully submit to his sovereign control. Job got the point and I trust that we do, as well.
As we began to look at Psalms, we looked at introductory issues such as title, authorship, and the historical development of the book of the Psalter. I developed in class the our book of Psalms is composed of five books that were collected between 1400 to 400 B.C. The fivefold collection breaks down like this.
Book 1 Psalms 1–41 (in Greek text, 1–40)
Book 2 Psalms 42–72 (in Greek text, 41–71)
Book 3 Psalms 73–89 (in Greek text, 72–88)
Book 4 Psalms 90–106 (in Greek text, 89–105)
Book 5 Psalms 107–150 (in Greek text, 106–150, with the addition of Ps 151)
With our next class or two, we will further a fuller understanding and greater appreciation of the Psalms.